Profile - US Department of StateGovernment
Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Constitution: Adopted July 12, 1991.
Independence: 1908 (from the Ottoman Empire).
Branches: Executive--President (Chief of State), Prime Minister (Head of Government), Council of Ministers (Cabinet).
Legislative--Unicameral National Assembly or Narodno Sobranie--240 seats. (Members are elected by popular vote of party/coalition lists of candidates for 4-year terms).
Judicial--Three-Tiered System (2001).
Suffrage: Universal at 18 years of age. Main political movements: National Movement Simeon II (NMS2); United Democratic Forces (UDF); Bulgaria Socialist Party (BSP); Movement for Rights and Freedoms (MRF).
Note: The NMS won half the seats in the June 2001 parliamentary election and established a coalition government with the mainly ethnic Turkish MRF. Two members of the Bulgarian Socialist Party also serve as ministers in the current government, although the BSP is not officially part of the coalition
Real GDP growth (2001): 4.8%.
Inflation rate (2001): 7.4%.
Unemployment rate (2001): 17.5%.
Natural resources: Bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal and timber.
Official exchange rate: Lev per $1 U.S.-2.2 (January 2002); 2.17 (2001 avg.)