Profile - US Department of State

Official Name
Republic of Bulgaria

Area: 110,994 sq. km. (slightly larger than Tennessee).
Major cities: Capital--Sofia (1.2 million).
Others--Plovdiv (350,000), Varna (300,000).
Terrain: Bulgaria is located in South Central Europe. The terrain is varied, containing large mountainous areas, fertile valleys, plains and a coastline along the Black Sea. Bulgaria shares a border with Turkey and Greece to the south, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Yugoslavia to the west, Romania to the north and the Black Sea to the east. The capital, Sofia, lies in the western region of the country.
Climate: Continental--mild summers and cold, snowy winters.

Population (July 2001 est.): 7,707,495.
Growth rate (July 2001 est.): -1.14%.
Ethnic groups (1998): Bulgarian 83%, Turkish 8.5%, Roma 2.6%, and others.
Religions (1998): Bulgarian Orthodox 83.5%, Muslim 13%, Roman Catholic 1.5%, others.
Language: Bulgarian (official).
Health: Life expectancy (2001 est.)--male--67.72 years; female--74.89 years. Infant mortality rate (2001 est.)--14.65 deaths/1,000 live births.