About Bulgaria - ICN

Language and Alphabet
The Bulgarian language - the oldest Slavonic language in terms of written documents - belongs to the Southern group of Slavonic languages of the Indo-European language family. The beginning of the Old-Bulgarian period of the language (9th-11th centuries) by the brothers Constantin-Cyril the Philosopher and Methodius was set in 862 with the structuring of an alphabet, named Glagolitsa. The Old-Bulgarian language was established as common cultural language of the Slavs in the Middle Ages and this is the reason why some scholars define it, wrongly, as Church-Slavonic. On its basis and under the influence of local dialects, Russian, Serbian, Slovenian, etc., versions were formed. The contemporary Bulgarian literary language was formed during the Bulgarian National Revival (18th-19th centuries). Unlike the other Slavonic languages, it is not an inflected language, the relations between the words are defined by prepositions. The definite article is added as a suffix. There are 9 tenses and 4 moods. The contemporary Bulgarian alphabet is a modernized version of the Old-Bulgarian Cyrillic alphabet, that was created in the 9th C. It has 30 letters. The most widely used international system for transliteration of the Bulgarian alphabet is the so-called "Czech system" (column 4). In our country it is obligatory in the sphere of cartography, for road signs and at railway stations.